Voltex Vortex

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Renewable Energy

Voltex GC4 – Grid Connect

Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) and National Energy Market (NEM)

Voltex Power Engineers’ GC4 program provides a total solution for Scheduled and Semi-Scheduled Intending or Market Participants in the Australian National Energy Market (NEM). The Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) manages the wholesale NEM which includes generation, transmission and large industrial energy users, in accordance with the National Electricity Rules. The NEM infrastructure comprises state and private assets managed by industry participants, and spans Australia’s eastern and south-eastern coasts though interconnection of the states of Queensland, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia as five regional market jurisdictions. Retailers purchase electricity from the NEM and on-sell to consumers.

Voltex Renewable Energy Solar Farm

Generator Performance Standards (GPS)

NEM Grid Connection Applications require the proponent to provide a “GPS R1” model in accordance with the AEMO Dynamic Model Acceptance Test Guideline. This includes more than 200 individual simulations to confirm the DESIGN meets the assessment and testing process AEMO undertakes before accepting plant models at the R1 (pre-connection) stage.

Once the application is accepted, then construction may commence, and subsequently, testing on site for GPS R2 model validation in line with AEMO’s “GPS Compliance Assessment and R2 Model Validation Test Plan Template”. This is the critical requirement for energisation of the new plant. Unlike modelling and simulation of an existing plant, where the model is adjusted to match the performance of the plant under a verification process, the GPS R2 verification requires that the plant must match the approved (R1 model) performance, and if there are discrepancies, the plant must be modified before connection to the grid will be authorised. Failure to do so could result in reduced output limits or rejection of the connection application.

Network Service Providers (NSPs)

Network Service Providers (NSPs) engage in the activities of owning, controlling or operating a transmission (TNSP) or distribution (DNSP) system and are registered with AEMO. The Grid Connection process for any Intending Market Generator requires a deep understanding of the six (6) key phases, and of the requirements of AEMO and the Applicant’s chosen NSP. AEMO advice is that an indicative timeframe for the entire process may require a duration from 2 months to 24 months. Early engagement with the chosen NSP is considered critical. The different NSPs participating in the various regions of the NEM establish their own compliance requirements and additional studies, often including different software modelling from AEMO.

System Strength Impact Assessment

Since the emergence of a growing political and environmental trend for renewables, the industry in Australia has recognised the potential impacts of increased generation from non-synchronous systems on the grid. To assess and if necessary, counter these impacts, AEMO has developed System Strength Impact Assessment requirements [1]. Such updates to the Application requirements require ongoing familiarity with the process and all stakeholders.

National Energy Rules (NER)

As part of the registration process, applicants must nominate the markets and categories they wish to register for. Applicants must also familiarise themselves with the rules and procedures for those markets. A number of new applicants, both domestic and international, have struggled with the processes, and experienced issues including commercially unacceptable delays, reduction in planned output to meet compliance requirements, and even legal proceedings with counterparts [2].

Voltex Renewable Energy Wind Farm

Quality is critical

Quality, consistent, RPEQ endorsed connection package is critical for efficient Due Diligence, R1 and Commissioning.

Rework is expensive:

Rework often “resets” timing, can lose access to resources experienced with your project results in lost time and money.” [3]

Voltex’ GC4 program provides market participants with engineering, consultation and guidance throughout all of these processes for renewable generators wishing to make an application to connect to the grid. Mitigate your risks with our Principals’ combined 100 years of engineering industry knowledge and experience.

Contact Us

Contact Voltex and request our GC4 program for GRID:


  • Consult
  • Commission
  • Comply
  • Connect

Download GC4 brochure (pdf)

Email us:


  • Renewable Energy
    • Solar Farm
    • Wind Farm
    • Hydro
    • Battery Energy Storage System (BESS)

Electrical Power Studies

  • S/C Fault Level Analysis
  • Protection Coordination Study
  • Harmonic Study
  • Power Factor Correction Study
  • Insulation Coordination Study
  • AC and DC Arc Flash Analysis
  • NER Compliance Studies
  • System Strength Impact Assessment
    • Preliminary Impact Assessment (PIA)
    • Final Impact Assessment (FIA)
    • Minimum SCR and X/R

Substation Automation Services

  • Remote Monitoring Equipment Design (RME)
  • Remote Control Equipment Design (RCE)
  • SCADA End to End Testing
Voltex Power Engineers Renewable Energy GC4 Program

Design Services

  • Grid Connection Application
  • Network Service Provider (NSP) Liaison
  • AEMO GPS R1 Modelling
  • Generating units and controls / governors
    • Park Controllers         
    • Plant runback schemes                 
  • PSSE Models Preparation
  • Model Acceptance Testing
  • Releasable User Guide Preparation
  • PSCAD Model Preparation
  • Model Benchmarking Report
  • Energy Conversion Model (ECM) Review
  • Static Reactive Support Devices
  • Synchronous Condensor requirements

Site Testing Services

  • AEMO GPS Compliance Assessement and R2 Model Validation
    • R2 Model Validation Test Plan
    • Hold Point Tests and Reports
    • Dynamic Reactive Support Devices
    • Static Reactive Support Devices
    • Background power quality assessment System event analysis

[1] AEMO, 1 July 2018,

[2] Renew Economy, 1 May 2019,

Renew Economy, 29 August 2019,

[3] Energy Qld, 15 November 2018, Presentation at AEMO Roadshow, “Generator Registration and Connection in the NEM”